Liu Xiang born Liu Gengsheng , courtesy name Zizheng , was a famous Confucian scholar of the Han Dynasty. He was born in Xuzhou and related to Liu Bang, the founder of the Han dynasty. His son, Liu Xin, developed the "Triple Concordance" astronomical system.
Liu compiled the first catalogue of the imperial library and was the first editor of the ''Shan Hai Jing''. He was a prodigious collector of old stories, which he compiled into the ''Zhan Guo Ce'', the ''Xinxu'' , the ''Shuoyuan'' , the '''', and probably the ''Liexian Zhuan''.